You need to take the time to listen to what Seth Priebatsch says about the emergence of the game layer. He also talks about four game dynamics, very interesting. “…we like to joke, with seven game dynamics, we can get anyone to do anything.”, “school is a game” makes some very powerful statements with serious implications for designers and developers of learning.
He talks about four dynamics, and gives examples. Given their increasing influence, and as game dynamics invade our lives, there is less doubt in my mind that games are the way substantial learning will happen in the future.